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Learning freestyle body rotation

Learning freestyle body rotation is crucial for maximizing propulsion and efficiency in swimming. Here's a step-by-step guide along with common mistakes and how to avoid them:





  1. Body Position: Start by ensuring a streamlined body position in the water. Float on your stomach with your body horizontal and extended, keeping your head in line with your spine.

  2. Arm Position: Extend your arms forward in front of your head, shoulder-width apart, ready to initiate the stroke.

  3. Rotation Initiation: Begin the rotation by engaging your core muscles and rolling your body to one side, initiating the movement from your hips and shoulders.

  4. Head Position: Rotate your head with your body, keeping it aligned with your spine. Your head should rotate with your body, facing sideways while maintaining a neutral position, with one ear in the water and the other out.

  5. Breathing: Coordinate your body rotation with your breathing. As your body rotates to one side, initiate a head turn to the same side to take a breath. Keep your head in a neutral position while rotating, avoiding lifting it too high or turning it excessively.

  6. Arm Movement: Coordinate your arm movements with your body rotation. As one arm enters the water for the stroke, the other arm should be recovering above the water. Ensure that your arm movement follows the rotation of your body, maintaining symmetry and balance.

  7. Hip Rotation: Focus on rotating your hips along with your torso, allowing for a natural hip roll during each stroke. Engage your core muscles to facilitate hip rotation and maximize propulsion.

  8. Common Mistakes:

    1. Limited Rotation: One common mistake is limited body rotation, where swimmers fail to rotate their entire body, resulting in decreased propulsion and stroke efficiency. To avoid this, focus on initiating the rotation from your hips and shoulders and actively engaging your core muscles.

    2. Overrotation: Overrotation occurs when swimmers excessively twist their bodies, leading to imbalance and reduced streamline. Aim for a controlled rotation, keeping your body aligned and minimizing excessive twisting.

    3. Late Rotation: Delaying the initiation of body rotation can disrupt stroke rhythm and reduce efficiency. Ensure that you initiate the rotation early in the stroke cycle, coordinating it with your arm movements and breathing.

    4. Head Lifting: Lifting your head too high during rotation disrupts streamline and slows you down. Maintain a neutral head position aligned with your spine, rotating it with your body while keeping one ear in the water.

  9. Practice and Feedback: Practice freestyle body rotation regularly, focusing on maintaining proper technique and rhythm. Seek feedback from a swimming instructor or experienced swimmer to identify areas for improvement and receive guidance on corrective measures.

  10. Drills and Exercises: Incorporate body rotation drills and exercises into your swimming routine to target specific aspects of your technique and build strength and coordination.

By following these steps and being mindful of common mistakes, you can learn freestyle body rotation effectively and improve your overall swimming performance.


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